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  • What Is Strabismus

    Misalignment of eyes is called strabismus, or squint,and can lead to disruption of the visual development process.

    Squint is a disorder where the eyes do not properly align with each other while looking at a particular thing or object. The person’s eyes focus in different directions. It can occur in children or adults.

    In case the problem is squint, the first person to be approached is squint eye specialist in Ahmedabad.

    How does strabismus cause poor vision?

    When the eyes are oriented in different directions, the brain receives 2 different visual signals. To avoid double vision, the brain may ignore the image from the misaligned eye, resulting in poor vision development of that eye.

    Also, an eye that sees poorly may become misaligned, perpetuating this cycle

    What causes strabismus?

    Most strabismus is the result of an abnormality of the neuromuscular (including brain) control of eye movement. A problem with the eye muscles or glass power or poor vision may also cause strabismus.

    Also, an eye that sees poorly may become misaligned, perpetuating this cycle.

    What are Symptoms of squint?

    Each type of squint disorder comes with its own distinct symptoms.

    Double vision

    Closing eye focusing something

    Head tilting


    Eyes straining

    Difficulty in reading

    Closing eye bright light

    Blurry vision

    How do children develop squint?

    Strabismus often occurs in children who are otherwise completely normal, without any family history of squint or glasses.

    Strabismus may also develop in children with uncorrected refractive errors, amblyopia or cataracts.Children who are premature, have disorders such as cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, hydrocephalus and brain tumor are more likely to develop strabismus. Children with family history of strabismus may also develop it.

    How do adults develop Strabismus/ squint?

    Stroke or systemic conditions like diabetes can cause strabismus in adults.

    Trauma ( to the brain or eye), neurological problems like myasthenia gravis and thyroid eye disorders are other common causes of strabismus. Older children and adults with recent onset squint usually present with complaints of double vision.

    What are types of Strabismus?

    Convergent squint or Esotropia where the drifting eye turns inward while the other eye may remain straight.

    Divergent squint or exotropia where one eye diverges outwards.

    Vertical squint (hypertropia) where the eye which is affected moves upward and the other eye looks straight.

    Vertical squint (hypotropia) where the affected eye looks downward. The other eye focuses ahead

    A problem affecting any of the six extra ocular muscles, or the muscle’s nerve supply, in either eye will cause misalignment. Misalignment results in a problem in binocular vision.

    What is the management of strabismus?

    Non surgical options for Strabismus include use of spectacles, prisms, eye exercises or vision therapy and patching.Eye muscle injection( Botulinum toxin injection) can be used in some cases.

    Surgery for Strabismus is performed on the extraocular muscles in an attempt to give binocular single vision, to relieve double vision, or to cosmetically restore the eyes to their regular state of alignment.

    Only the experienced and reputed Squint Eye Surgeon can provide you appropriate guidance on available treatment options and also make you understand what else needs to be done. If you observe the appearance of squint, in adult or children, or if there are complaints of double vision, it is advisable to consult a squint eye treatment specialist immediately

    Why should I choose Ranchhodrai Eye Hospital for Squint eye treatment in Ahmedabad?

    Ranchhodrai Eye Hospital is one of the top-notch squint surgery hospitals in Ahmedabad, known for its diagnostic and therapeutic brilliance in eye care.

    At Ranchhodrai Eye Hospital, we provide consultation and treatment for children and adults with squint (eye muscle problems).

    In the clinic, we approach each patient with special attention and assess the problems for appropriate diagnosis and treatment strategies.

    The hospital is a preferred destination of domestic and international patients due to the medical expertise of its Doctors or Eye Surgeons, state-of-the-art modern diagnostic, therapeutic and rehabilitative services and compassionate healthcare staff.

    The hospital provides the best treatment for all types of eye disorders including the most complex ones.


    What is the best time to perform surgery for strabismus?

    The optimal time for surgical intervention is as early as possible. In case of associated amblyopia or cataract, it is recommended to treat it prior to surgery to improve the long-term success rate of eye alignment.Both the parent and surgeon have to be committed to regular follow up and  prolonged management to obtain good alignment.

    Does strabismus surgery require anesthesia?

    General anesthesia is required in children. Most adults may prefer local  Anaesthesia.

    What is the recovery time of Strabismus surgery?

    Recovery time is rapid and the patient is usually able to return to normal activity within a few days. Frequent follow ups are required within 1-2 weeks of surgery and then in a few months. You may have to take some antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medication for 4-6 weeks.Please don’t hesitate to discuss any questions you may have about the squint procedure with our eye surgeon.

    What are the risks of strabismus surgery?

    As with any surgery, eye muscle surgery has certain risks. There is a small risk of infection, bleeding, excessive scarring etc

    What is Esotropia?

    Esotropia is a form of strabismus (eye misalignment) characterized by an inward turn, i.e towards the nose, of one or both eyes.It may be intermittent or constant and may occur with near fixation, distance fixation, or both. The deviating eye may always be the same eye or may alternate between the two eyes

    What is exotropia?

    Exotropia is another common type of strabismus. It is an outward turning of one or both eyes. Often the exotropia will occur intermittently, particularly when the child is daydreaming,ill,tired or focusing at distant object.

    What is Pseudo-strabismus?

    Pseudo-strabismus is a common condition in which the eyes appear misaligned when in fact they are not.With pseudo-esotropia, the infant usually has a wide nasal bridge and wide and prominent lid folds. When the child looks to either side, the eye hides behind the eyelid folds or wide bridge and looks like they are crossing.It is important to distinguish this from deviation of eyes (true strabismus) and to document proper eye alignment in these cases by an orthoptic examination.Comprehensive ocular examination and follow-up is important in patients diagnosed with pseudo-strabismus, as a small percentage of these patients will develop a true esotropia.


    Excellent check up done by team members. Even though kids also.

    Jatin Patel

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